Zambia is located in southern Africa. Approximately 14.5 million inhabitants live on an area of 752,614 square kilometers. Zambia is about twice the size of Germany. From east to west it stretches for 1350 kilometers, and from north to south – for 1100 kilometers.
Zambia has borders with eight countries: the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the northeast, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Angola to the west and Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south.
The country derives its name from the Zambezi River, the fourth longest river in Africa. It flows in the south of the country. Zambia is a landlocked country, because the country does not border the sea. Zambia also builds a bridge between eastern and southern Africa.
At the transition from the northern to the central part there is a deep incision, here the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo extends far into the interior of Zambia, you can see this very well on the map. It looks like a small tip. The so-called copper belt also runs along this, a region where copper was found and is still mined today. The most important cities of the country can also be found here. Zambia is divided into a northern and a southern part of the country.
Zambia consists to a large extent of a plateau. The land is between 1000 and 1400 meters high. This plateau is surrounded by deep valleys. The highest mountain is located in the east of the country in the Mafinga Mountains. Savannah landscapes alternate with tropical forest landscapes, which makes Zambia scenically interesting and varied.
Zambia is very rich in water, rivers and lakes shape the landscape. Zambia has many waterfalls due to the rugged slopes of the mountains. The most famous are the Victoria Falls of the Zambezi River. These have been declared a World Natural Heritage Site by UNESCO. It was discovered by David Livingstone, who named the falls in honor of the then British Queen Victoria Victoria Falls.
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