Venezuela is located in South America, namely in the north-west of the continent. It borders on the Atlantic coast, which is a proud 2800 kilometers long. Most of it belongs to the Caribbean Sea. Venezuela has land borders with Colombia to the west and Guyana and Brazil to the east and south. The outline of the country is somewhat reminiscent of a triangle.
The equator runs just south of Venezuela. Venezuela can be divided into four large natural areas: the Andes, the Orinoco Plain, the Maracaibo Lowland and the highlands of Guyana.
In the west of the country, the Andes, coming from Colombia, run in an arc. The mountain range of the Andes extends over the entire western coast of South America, and then ends here in Venezuela. The Andes, in turn, can be divided into individual mountain ranges. In the west of Venezuela rises the Mérida Cordillera, the continuation of the great Eastern Cordillera of the Andes. The highest mountain in the country, Pico Bolívar, is also located here. It is 4981 meters high. It, like some of the other surrounding peaks, is covered with snow all year round.
In the valleys of the Andes, a large part of the population of Venezuela lives. Here are located large cities such as Valencia, Barquisimeto or Mérida. After a depression, another mountain range follows on the coast, the central cordillera (Cordillera Central or Cordillera Caribe). These can in turn be divided into the northern coastal cordillera and the southern Serranía del Interior. Even further east, separated by the Unare depression, the mountains continue in the eastern Cordillera (Cordillera Oriental).
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