Vadodara in the past known as Baroda, the cultural capital of Gujarat, is the third largest city in the western Indian state of Gujarat, after Ahmedabad and Surat. It is the regulatory home office of Vadodara district and is situated right on the bank of Vishwamitri Creek, southeast of Ahmedabad, 139 kilometers from the state capital Gandhinagar. The railway line and NH 8 that associate Delhi and Mumbai pass through Vadodara.The city is known for the Lakshmi Vilas Palace, residential arrangement of Baroda of the Maratha famous family, the Gaekwads. It is also the home of Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (Vadodara), the largest university in Gujarat. An imperative modern, social and educational center of Western India, the city hosts a few organizations of national and territorial importance, while its real ventures integrate petrochemistry, construction, chemistry, pharmaceuticals, plastics, IT and long-distance trade administrations among others.
Vadodara is known all over the world as an exhilarating mix of breathtaking art, interesting sights and vibrant street life, which makes it the cultural capital of Gujarat.
Vadodara, located on the banks of the Vishwamitri River southeast of Ahmedabad, is known for its gigantic monuments, museums and gardens that dominate the historic city center.
According to historians, the city of Vadodara is over 2000 years old. The first indigenous people of Vadodara were a Hindu king who ruled the city until 1297. The people of the Gupta Empire began to explore the region and became the first rulers of Vadodara at the beginning of the Christian era. After fierce battles, Vadodara was captured by the Solanki dynasty. Years later, the city was captured by the Mughals, who were later overthrown by the ruler Gaekwad.
Vadodara owes much of its splendor to Sayajirao Gaekwad III, a formal ruler of the city. He was a great modernizer who laid the foundation for Vadodara’s modern reputation as the cultural capital of Gujarat.
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