Ulan-Bator, or Ulaanbaatar, is the capital of Mongolia. Depending on whether you prefer the Russian or international name as the name of the city. In the atlas you will find one, sometimes the other name for the capital of Mongolia. Some call them briefly and concisely “UB”. Sights in Ulan-Bator are concentrated mainly around the central square. On closer inspection, there is a lot more to discover.
A wonderful time, without hectic and stress, in the middle of a breathtaking landscape, can be experienced in Mongolia. The country is the second largest landlocked country in the world and is located in Central Asia. The capital of Mongolia is Ulaanbaatar. With about 1.3 million people, about half of the total Mongolian population lives here. But the city of Ulaanbaatar, located in the north of the country’s center, has much more to offer than a mass of people. Thus, interesting sights can be admired both in the core or in the catchment area of the city as well as in the surrounding area. In Ulaanbaatar there are not only beautiful statues and buildings, but also museum lovers and landscape fanatics get their money’s worth here.
Ulaanbaatar was founded in 1639 as the seat of the head of Lamaism. Until the 20th century, Ulaanbaatar was also known as “Urga” in Europe. This is due to the fact that at the time of its foundation the city was called “Örgöö”. The name of Ulaanbaatar changed several times throughout history. So, from 1706 the Mongolian capital was called “Ich-chüree”, and from 1911 to 1924 – “Niislel-chüree”. Only from 1924 she was given the name Ulaanbaatar. By the way, many people also know the city under “Ulan-Bator”. However, this is the Russian spelling of Ulaanbaatar, which became known because the Cyrillic script was introduced in Mongolia only 17 years later. From the middle of the 19th century, the economic importance of the city grew, because a large part of the trade between Russia and China was handled through it. The basis for this was the Treaty of Aigun, which was concluded in 1858. A consequence of this was also that many Chinese came to Mongolia. This consequence is still noticed in Ulaanbaatar today, even if the situation has significantly relativized in recent decades.
Is Mongolia part of China or Russia?
What country is Ulan Bator the capital of?
What is Ulan Bator known for?
Where is Mongolia located?