Switzerland is located in the middle of Europe and is bordered to the north by Germany, to the west by France, to the south by Italy and to the east by Austria and the Principality of Lichtenstein. As a landlocked country, Switzerland has no direct access to the sea. The total area of the country is 41,285 km2, of which 30,753 km2 is settlement and agricultural land (so-called productive area). The remaining area of the country consists of water bodies, mountains and unproductive area of vegetation. The landscape of Switzerland is characterized by mountain and hill ranges, rivers and lakes. Thus, Switzerland offers a great variety of landscapes in a small area.
Geographical and climatic regions of Switzerland
In the south of Switzerland are the Alps, which account for 60.9% and reach altitudes of over 4,000 meters. To the north and west are the mountain ranges of the Jura. Thus, the main geographical areas of Switzerland are formed by the Jura, the plateau and the Alps.
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