Although Shenyang is located in the northeast of China, the metropolis is the cultural center of the country. There are numerous attractions for visitors to experience and to gain new experiences. Whether by day or by night, the city is always bustling. But this is not the only thing that connects Shenyang with New York.
Shenyang was founded about 2,300 years ago and bore the name Mukden as the capital of Manchuria from 1625 to 1644. The Qing Dynasty conquered China from here until it lost the city in 1911 and the Empire became the Republic of China. This ended the dynasty’s rule over China for about 300 years, while Shenyang was the official capital.
Shenyang is located in the climatic zone of the humid continental climate, as a result of which the temperature difference between summer and winter is very high on average. The city is located on the Hun He River, a tributary of the Liao He, which flows into the Gulf of Liadong only 170 kilometers away from Shenyang. While in the early period only the right north bank of the river was inhabited, bridges also enabled the population of the southern left side. As a result, the metropolis grew to its current size. With approx. with eight million inhabitants and an area of almost 1,300 square kilometers, the current population density is about 6,200 inhabitants per square kilometer.
Today’s Liaoning Province, which bore the name Fengtian until 1929, was the heartland of the Manchu with Shenyang as its capital. After the founding of the Qing Dynasty, the Manchus moved their capital from Shenyang to Beijing. After the decline of the Qing Dynasty, the province was occupied by Japan and Russia, which also industrialized the region. The ports of Dalian and Lüshunkou (formerly known as Port Arthur) were an important strategic point during the Russian occupation because of its freedom from ice.
About 84% of the population are Han Chinese. Although the proportion of the Manchu is only 13% and that of the Mongols is only 2% of the population of the province, the six autonomous districts of the Manchu cover over 17% and the two autonomous districts of the Mongols cover almost 6% of the area of the province.
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