São Tomé and Príncipe is an island country that belongs to Africa. Two islands belong to the country: São Tomé and Príncipe. They are located off the west coast of the continent in the Atlantic Ocean. There they are located between two other islands, which belong to Equatorial Guinea, namely Bioko and Annobón.
São Tomé and Príncipe is the second smallest state in Africa. Only the Seychelles are even smaller. São Tomé, the more southerly of the two islands, is significantly larger than Príncipe. The capital of the same name is also located on it, and 90 percent of the inhabitants live here.
São Tomé and Príncipe belong to a mountain range of volcanoes. This mountain range is also called the Cameroon Line, it continues in Cameroon on the mainland. In the Atlantic, Bioko and Annobón are also included. With the exception of Mount Cameroon in Cameroon, all the volcanoes of this line rest, including the volcanoes of São Tomé and Príncipe.
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé is located just two kilometers north of the equator. The small island of Rólas, located in front of it to the south, is even located directly on the equator. São Tomé is flatter in the north, the mountains rise inland. The highest peak, Pico de São Tomé, measures 2024 meters and is located in the west of the island. São Tomé is 48 kilometers long and 32 kilometers wide. The island is named after Saint Thomas, who is called São Tomé in Portuguese.
Príncipe is the more northerly of the two islands. It is 19 kilometers long and 10 kilometers wide. The name means “prince”. So Príncipe is the “Prince’s Island”. The highest elevation on it is the Pico de Príncipe with 948 meters. Príncipe also includes several small islets such as Ilheu Bom Bom and Tinhosa Grande.
Is São Tomé part of Portugal?
Which country owns São Tomé?
Where is Sao Tome and Principe located on the African map?
What is Sao Tome and Principe known for?