Rwanda is a landlocked country in East Africa. So the country does not border the sea. It is located a little south of the equator. Its neighboring countries are Burundi to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, Uganda to the north and Tanzania to the east. The word Rwanda means “the growing country”. By the way, in French and English it is written Rwanda.
Rwanda is also called the land of a thousand hills, because large parts of the country are crossed by a hilly plateau. The landscapes are very different, although the country with its 26,338 square kilometers is just as big as Belgium. Or in other words: Rwanda fits in Germany 13 times. This makes it one of the smallest countries in Africa.
Three landscapes characterize Rwanda. The plateau occupies most of the country. In the southeast, the land descends. In addition, in Rwanda, the main watershed runs between the sources of the White Nile and the Congo.
Even if Rwanda does not border the sea, the west of the country is dominated by the Kiwi Lake, which is one of the most beautiful inland lakes in Africa. Through it runs the border with the DR Congo. It is part of the East African Rift Valley.
The highest peak of Rwanda is the Karisimbi, a currently inactive volcano. This belongs to a mountain range, the Virunga volcanoes in the north of the country, which, like Lake Kiwusee, are part of the East African Rift Valley.
Translated, karisimbi means “Little white shell”. By this is meant the snow cap, which sometimes covers the mountain and which looks like a shell. The land here is very fertile. The forest stands at only eight percent.
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