The capital of Italy is located in the center of the country, surrounded by cities such as Civitavecchia in the northwest and Ostia in the west, both of which are just a few kilometers from Rome’s periphery. Ostia is also Rome’s old port city, which is still used today as a popular beach destination, and Civitavecchia is the new port, which is also used by cruise ships that offer their visitors a trip to the Eternal City.
What country is Rome located in?
The former center of the Roman Empire and today’s capital of Italy is located on the Tiber and has 2.6 million inhabitants. It is the political and cultural center of the country and at the same time the hub of railway and air traffic. With its historical and cultural sights, Rome is considered one of the most visited cities in the world. Within its walls, as an enclave, lies the sovereign state of Vatican City with the seat of the Pope, the supreme representative of the Catholic Church.
Rome is the capital of Italy. It is located approximately in the middle of the country on the Tiber River, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea. There are about three million inhabitants in and around Rome. This makes it the largest city in Italy.
The city of Rome is already more than 2,000 years old and has repeatedly played an important role in history. That is why it is also called the “Eternal City”. Today, Rome is not only the capital of Italy, but also an important center for business. Many companies have their headquarters in Rome or the surrounding area. In addition, Rome-Fiumicino Airport is the largest in all of Italy.
According to an ancient legend, Rome was founded about the year 750 BC by the twins Romulus and Remus. The two had been abandoned and allegedly raised by a she-wolf. The small town then became the capital of the Roman Empire in hundreds of years. The founding date of Rome is the beginning of the Roman era.
At the end of antiquity, however, the empire could hardly defend itself against its enemies: in 410, Germanic tribes conquered the city of Rome and took many valuable things with them.
But Rome was still an important city. For a long time the pope, the head of the Catholic Church, ruled there. This ended only in 1870. It was then that the Kingdom of Italy conquered the territory where Rome was located. The parliament and the government moved from Florence to the new capital, Rome.
In Rome you can admire many sights in particular. The center of Rome, the Old Town, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Colosseum, the Roman Forum and many other buildings date back to Roman times. Other well-known buildings date from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Of particular note are Piazza Navona with sculptures by the sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini and the Trevi Fountain. There is a well-known tradition about the Trevi Fountain: it is said that whoever throws a coin into the fountain over his shoulder will return to Rome.
In the middle of Rome is the Vatican, the smallest state in the world. In the Vatican is St. Peter’s Basilica, the seat of the Pope. In addition, there is the Sistine Chapel with wall paintings by Michelangelo.
Rome can look back on a long history, which begins with its mythical foundation by Romulus and Remus in 753 BC. In the following 2800 years, the city has established itself not only as a capital of art and culture, but also as a symbol of antiquity. After its foundation, it slowly began to expand further and further, eventually expanding over many centuries into an empire – the Roman Empire. In Rome’s greatest abundance of power, the former city-state dominated three quarters of Europe as well as parts of Asia and Africa.
With its fall in 486 A.D., Rome – which by now was again and again the capital of the Catholic Church and is still with the Vatican today – initially lost its prestige and importance, until it re-established itself as a power factor with the development of the papal State from the ninth century onwards. The city has been invaded many times in its history, destroyed by enemies but also friends – for example by the devastating fire commissioned by Nero – and haunted by epidemics and wars of all kinds – especially the ecclesiastical and power–political ones – but all this to date contributes to the unique image of today’s Italian capital, which everywhere has testimonies of its ancient culture and history to offer.
Is Rome in Italy or Greece?
Is Rome in Italy or Italy in Rome?
Is Rome in Europe or Italy?