The Pyramids of Giza are burial places of pharaohs from Ancient Egypt. They are not only the most famous pyramids in Egypt: they are the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World to have survived the times. UNESCO declared the pyramids a World Heritage Site in 1979.
Each of the three great pyramids takes its name from a different pharaoh, a king. The pharaohs were buried in the pyramids. However, the burial chambers were robbed. At most, a sarcophagus, i.e. a coffin, made of stone was found in it. It was no different in the small pyramids either.
The pyramids were built about four and a half thousand years ago. Because they were built very stably, almost only from stones, they have been well preserved. However, they all once had a shell of white, polished limestone. Most of it has now been taken away by people for other buildings.
Today we travel to ancient Egypt and discover the Pyramids of Giza, which are located just 15 kilometers from downtown Cairo, which makes them easily accessible. Located directly on the Pyramidenstraße, you can hardly miss it. If you are staying in a beach hotel during your Egypt holiday, you can inform yourself about possible day trips at your accommodation. From Hurghada to Giza, for example, it is a 4-hour drive, or you fly for an hour. Depending on what your travel plans are.
The Great Pyramid of Giza
The largest is the pyramid of Cheops. It is 146 meters high. It was not until 1311, in the Middle Ages, that a building was built in England that is taller: the Cathedral of Lincoln. Many visitors consider the middle one to be the largest pyramid, but in reality this is the Chephren Pyramid. It looks bigger because it stands a little higher up.
The Pyramids of Giza, about 4,500 years old, are the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world that is still preserved today. The pyramids are located about 15 kilometers from the center of Cairo on the western edge of the Nile Valley. The city of Giza is about eight kilometers away.
Since 1979, the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The pharaohs Cheops, Chepren and Mykerionos were buried in the pyramids. They served as tombs. The size and age of the pyramids corresponds to the order of the names. The Pyramid of Cheops is the largest.
When you have the pyramids of Giza in front of your spiritual eyes, you inevitably think of desert and one-humped camels. The camels became native relatively late. At first, donkeys were used by the pharaohs as farm animals. The Libyan desert is alive, at least in terms of biodiversity. Desert jerboas and desert hares go hunting. Gazelles settle at water points. Small cattle nomads move with donkeys, goats and sheep to the watering place and let the animals eat on thorn bushes and dry grasses. Otherwise, the sandy seas dominate. In the rocky massifs there are u.a. many species of scorpions, cobras, sand lizards and other small animals. In the adjacent Sinai Mountains, ibex are native to entire colonies. There you will also find acacia trees, sycamores and tamarisks.
With an impressive age of over 4500 years, the Pyramids of Giza near Cairo in Egypt are the oldest wonder of the ancient world and at the same time the only one that has survived the millennia. Together with the great Sphynx, they have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. The three great pyramids were built in the 4th dynasty at the beginning of the Egyptian high culture in the period from about 2600 to 2500 BC.
Where is the Pyramid of Giza located at?
What is the location of the pyramid?