Patna, the modern capital of the state of Bihar, is located on the southern bank of the Ganges, along which it stretches for about 15 km. The city has 1,683,200 inhabitants and is an important commercial center. Patna has wide beautiful streets and many parks. The city owes its name to the Hindu goddess Patan Devi. However, there is also another theory of naming, according to which the name comes from Pattan, Sanskrit for port.
For a long time, Patna has been an agricultural trading center, where grain, sugar cane, sesame and rice are mainly traded. Especially the hinterland of Patna, which has an ideal climate and pronounced agricultural resources, has contributed to the fact that the eastern part of the city has become a leading trading center for grain.
The history of the city dates back to the 4th century. BC, which makes it one of the oldest cities in the world. Over the course of its 2,500-year history, the city has been known by the names Kusumpura, Pushpapura, Pataliputra and Azimabad. The present town was founded in the 16th century. founded by Sher Shah Suri. The founder of the Sur dynasty bears the nickname Sher Khan and was buried in Sasaram. A large mosque built by Sher Shah Suri dominates the skyline of Patna.
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