The pancreas – also called the pancreas – is one of the largest glands of the human body. It is located immediately below the diaphragm in the back of the abdominal cavity, transversely behind the stomach between the spleen and duodenum.
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The human pancreas (also pancreas) is an organ located in the retroperitoneal space of the body. It is thus located behind the peritoneum and stomach transversely at the level of the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae. The head of the pancreas is located on the duodenum, to which it is connected by an excretory duct. The weight is between 70 g and 120 g with a length of 15 to 20 cm.
The pancreas (pancreas) is a wedge-shaped gland in the upper abdomen, about 14 to 18 centimeters long and weighing 50 to 120 grams. It is divided into three sections: head, body and tail. In its entire length it is traversed by the pancreatic duct. It releases some of its secretions to the outside, i.e. into the intestine (exocrine glandular function). It secretes other secretions inwards, i.e. into the blood (endocrine gland function).
The pancreas has a length of about 15 to 20cm and weighs about 70g. It can be divided into three sections: the thicker right part, which nestles into the bend of the duodenum and is called the head; the middle part, also called the body, which crosses the spine at the level of the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae, and the tail, the thin left end, which extends to the spleen. The pancreas performs two vital functions: on the one hand, it produces the digestive juices necessary for the breakdown and crushing of food in the intestine. On the other hand, it forms the hormones insulin and glucagon, which regulate blood sugar levels.
The pancreas is hidden behind the stomach and the spine. It is a yellowish gland, about 15 cm long, 5 cm wide and 2-3 cm thick, which weighs about 80 – 120 g. It is divided into pancreatic head, pancreatic body and pancreatic tail. The head of the pancreas , through which a part of the bile duct passes, is in close relationship with the duodenum, the duodenum. The tail of the pancreas extends to the spleen on the left side. The pancreas body is just in front of the origin of important vessels from the aorta, which supply the liver, stomach, upper intestine, and also the pancreas with blood.
The pancreas lies with its longitudinal axis transversely in the upper abdomen. The head of the pancreas is the largest part and is located next to the spine, at the level of the 2nd – 3rd lumbar vertebral body. He tightly hugs the bend of the duodenum. There the pancreatic duct opens into the intestine, usually together with the main bile duct. Some people, in addition to the main pancreatic duct, have a small additional pancreatic duct, which opens into the duodenum above the mouth of the main duct.
The pancreas, the pancreas, is a wedge-shaped organ about 15 cm long, which is located behind the stomach and in front of the spine at the level of the 1st and 2nd lumbar vertebrae. This organ is divided into pancreatic head, pancreatic body and pancreatic tail. With the head of the pancreas, it adjoins the duodenum, to which it is connected by an excretory duct. The tail of the pancreas pulls up to the spleen. The pancreas weighs about 70 – 100 g.
The pancreas functionally consists of two parts, an exocrine and endocrine. The exocrine portion produces digestive enzymes such as amylase, for carbohydrate digestion, trypsin, for protein digestion, as well as lipase, for fat digestion. Between the exocrine parts of the pancreas, like islands, there are different cell groups that make up the endocrine part. These so-called Langerhan islet cells produce the hormones insulin and glucagon, which mainly regulate blood sugar levels.
The pancreas is between 12 and 18 cm long, weighs around 70 g and has a light S-shape. It consists of several sections: pancreatic head, tail and body. The pancreatic duct, also called the Wirsung duct, runs once longitudinally through the entire pancreas and, together with the main bile duct, opens into the duodenum (duodenum). Through the pancreatic duct, the digestive enzymes produced by the pancreas can enter the small intestine and exert their action.
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