Where exactly is Ohio located?
The state of Ohio is located in the Midwestern United States. The capital is Columbus. With an area of 116,069 square kilometers, Ohio ranks 34th in size compared to the other states in the country. The territory of Ohio is located on average 260 meters above sea level. The highest elevation of the state, Campbell Hill, comes to 472 meters, and the lowest, located on the Ohio River, at 139 meters above sea level.
Ohio got its name after the 1,579-kilometer-long river of the same name, which marks the entire southern border of the state with West Virginia in the southeast and with Kentucky in the southwest. In the north, Ohio borders the Canadian province of Ontario. This border runs through Lake Erie. The lake forms an approximately 500 kilometer long coastline in Ohio and offers a wide field of activity for fans of water sports.
Ohio has no land border with Canada. Its eastern neighbor is Pennsylvania, while Ohio borders Indiana to the west and Michigan to the northwest.
Important rivers of Ohio are, in addition to the namesake waters, the Cuyahoga River, the Great Miami River and the Maumee River. In addition, the Muskingum River and the Scioto River flow in Ohio. In total, there are far more than 40,000 kilometers of navigable waterways in Ohio.
Ohio’s most famous national park is the Cuyahoga Valley National Park near Cleveland. The Cuyahoga River meanders through the approximately 134 square kilometer park area. The national park offers visitors numerous opportunities for hiking and cycling.
A large part of Ohio is characterized by extensive plains with extensive, fertile farmland. In the northwest of the state there is an extremely flat swamp area, which is also known as the Great Black Swamp and extends into Indiana. The swamp once stretched for about 190 kilometers in an east-west direction. After all, its largest north-south extension was still 65 kilometers. The swamp covered the territory of 12 counties of Ohio. As a result of its drainage carried out in the 19th century, very fertile farmland was created.
Also in the west of Ohio is the Grand Lake St. Marys. The more than 50 square kilometers of water were created at the beginning of the 19th century to irrigate newly built canals. Grand Lake St. Marys is said to have once been the largest artificial lake in the world.
The Allegheny Plateau is located in eastern Ohio. The area is characterized by rocky, rugged hills and dense forests.
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