Mongolia is located between Central, Northern and Eastern Asia. It is the second largest landlocked country in the world, that is, it does not border any sea. Only Kazakhstan is an even larger landlocked country. Germany fits into Mongolia about four and a half times. The north of the country is geographically called “Outer Mongolia”, politically it corresponds to the “Mongolian Republic”. This should not be confused with “Inner Mongolia”, which, however, belongs to China as an autonomous region. However, both regions share a common history. The neighboring states of Mongolia are Russia and China.
The north and west of Mongolia are mountainous. The mountains rise to a height of more than 4000 meters. The highest mountain ranges are the Altai Mountains in the western and southwestern ranges and the Hangayn Nuruu Mountains, which are not as high as the Altai Mountains. The highest mountain in Mongolia is the Nayramdal Uur with a height of 4374 meters. In the south of the country is a huge desert, the “Gobi Desert”. Almost nothing grows here, just a little grass, otherwise there will be only stones and sand. This area is very hostile to people and it can also get very cold.
A large part of the country is crossed by steppe. But this steppe is diverse: for example, the forest-steppe is more likely to be found in the mountains in the north and north-west of the country. In the central country, grass steppe prevails, cattle herds graze here in the first place. And in the south is the desert steppe, which subsequently turns into the Gobi Desert in the very south. Arable land is almost completely absent, so hardly anything can be grown in Mongolia. In the north of Mongolia, the highlands are crossed by large rivers that flow into Lake Baikal and the North Pacific Ocean.
Is Mongolia part of China or Russia?
Is Mongolia poor country?
What is Mongolia famous for?
Is Mongolia Chinese country?