Mississippi is a state in the United States of America. It is one of the southern states and has almost three million inhabitants on an area of 125,443 km2. The capital of Mississippi is Jackson. The state takes its name from the Mississippi River, which is denoted by the Native American word for “big river”. The nickname Mississippi is “Magnolia State” – magnolia state.
Mississippi is located east of the river of the same name on its lower reaches. The area is mostly flat with some low elevations in the extreme northeast. In the south, the state has a narrow coastline to the Gulf of Mexico. Mississippi is bordered by the US states of Tennessee to the north, Alabama to the east, and on the western side of the Mississippi River are Arkansas and Louisiana.
Mississippi can be classified in the subtropical zone, with mild winters and very warm summers. In summer, the amount of precipitation is greater than in winter. It is too warm for permanent snow in winter (9 °C to 18 °C).
According to the 2010 census, there were 2,967,297 residents of Mississippi, of which 57.3% were White, 37.5% Black and African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 3.0% Hispanic. Mississippi is the state with the highest percentage of blacks.
The living conditions of the inhabitants of Mississippi are rather poor compared to other states. In the areas of poverty, access to good health care, education and life expectancy, the state ranked last in the United States in 2009. One in five people live below the national poverty line, which was $22,000 for a family of four in 2010. In some counties, up to 48 percent of the population lives below this poverty line.
Mississippi was the scene of racial unrest in the 20th century. Many black people were lynched without the perpetrators being prosecuted. Due to the poor economic conditions and the lack of legal security, many Blacks migrated to the northern states between 1910 and 1970.
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