Maryland is a state of the United States located on the Atlantic coast. Its capital has been Annapolis since 1694. Maryland is known as the “Old Line State”, “Free State” and “Chesapeake Bay State”.
Maryland is located in the middle of the east coast. It is bordered by Virginia and Washington, D.C. to the southwest, West Virginia to the west, Pennsylvania to the north, and Delaware to the northeast. On the Chesapeake Bay, which cuts deep into the country, there are important ports, such as Baltimore and Annapolis, where the US Naval Academy is located. For a long time, the bay was one of the most productive fishing grounds in the world, but overfishing and water pollution caused the legendary oyster beds to disappear almost completely.
In the relatively small state, the extremes are close to each other: here the metropolis of Baltimore, there the remote hills of the Appalachian Mountains and tranquil fishing villages on the coast. In general, the state has a peculiar form: the narrowest part of the state is located at Hancock. The borders with Pennsylvania in the north and West Virginia in the south are less than 3 kilometers apart here – making this the narrowest place of any state in the USA at all. Maryland is one of the most densely populated US states. In addition to the metropolis of Baltimore, about half of the extensive metropolitan area of Washington, D.C. also belongs to Maryland.
The area of the state is 32,133 km2; 21.2% of the area, that is, 6,819 km2, is water bodies.
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