Malta is located in the Mediterranean Sea, south of the Italian island of Sicily. Malta is a dwarf state. So it’s a very small country. However, the population density is very high.
Anyone who speaks of Malta must always distinguish between the state of Malta and the island of Malta. Because the state of Malta consists of several islands. The largest of these is also called Malta itself, but besides it there are also the islands of Gozo and Comino. In addition, several smaller islands are part of the national territory. However, these are uninhabited.
The total area of the state is 316 square kilometers, which is slightly larger than the city of Munich. Most of this area is formed by the main island of Malta. The islands are the remains of a land bridge that connected Sicily with North Africa 15 million years ago.
The name Malta probably comes from the Greeks, who, like many other peoples, were attracted by the convenient location of the islands in the Mediterranean Sea. They called the islands “Melite”, which means “honey-sweet”, probably because so much honey was produced here.
Although the island of Malta is not particularly large, you will find two very different landscapes and especially coasts on it. The island is formed by a limestone plateau. This rises up to 253 meters high from the sea in the southwest and thus creates impressive cliffs, for example the Dingli Cliffs. In the east and northeast, on the other hand, you can find the beaches and wide bays that are popular with holidaymakers.
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