Lübeck is a city in the north of Germany. It belongs to the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Over 200,000 people live here. After Kiel, it is the second largest city in Schleswig-Holstein. Lübeck has a long and important history and is often referred to as the “Queen of the Hanseatic League”. The river Trave flows through Lübeck.
Lübeck was founded in the Middle Ages. It soon became an important place for trade, because it is located near the Baltic Sea. At the time of the Hanseatic League, it was growing rapidly. It soon became the “hub” of trade on the Baltic Sea and the most important city in the Hanseatic League. In the 13th century Lübeck became a free imperial city within the Holy Roman Empire. Until 1937, Lübeck was a separate country in Germany.
A view over the old town of Lübeck. Here you can easily see the seven church towers. The old town is an island, because it is located between two arms of the River Trave. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Lübeck is now known for its old town. There are five large churches here. They have seven towers. That’s why Lübeck has the nickname “City of the Seven Towers”. In addition, old merchant houses from the time of the Hanseatic League are still preserved. They are important landmarks of Lübeck, just like the churches, the town hall and the Holsten Gate, a gate on the edge of the old Town. In the old town there are many other old houses, narrow streets and hidden courtyards.
Today Lübeck is a very popular destination for tourists. There are many old buildings to see in the old town. During the Christmas season there is a big Christmas market in the whole old town. You can also get the famous Lübeck marzipan here. The place where the Trave flows into the Baltic Sea is called Travemünde. He belongs to Lübeck. Many people come here in the summer to take a bath.
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