Louisiana is a state in the south of the United States of America. Louisiana is located at the mouth of the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico and has a size of 134,264 km2, of which 21,440 km2 are water areas. Louisiana has several epithets: on the one hand, the official “Pelican State”, because of the bird of arms, and others, for example, “Bayou State” – swampy area, “Child of the Mississippi” child of the MIssissippi.
The US state of Louisiana is located in the south of the USA and borders the states of Arkansas in the north, Mississippi in the east and Texas in the west.
The capital of Louisiana is Baton Rouge, the largest and most famous city is New Orleans.
The name was chosen in honor of King Louis XIV of France. Louisiana was explored early on; the Spaniard Hernando de Soto explored the Mississippi area from 1539 to 1542, the Frenchman Robert Cavelier de La Salle continued this research in 1681, after which France claimed the area for itself and settled it permanently for the first time in 1699.
The ownership changed several times over the years: due to the agreements in the Peace of Paris, the western part came to Spain in 1762, the eastern part a year later to Great Britain, which had to cede it to the United States in 1783. In 1800, Napoleon I bought back the Spanish share.
On April 30, 1803, US President Thomas Jefferson bought the French colony of Louisiana from Napoleon I for $ 15 million with the so-called Louisiana Purchase. The United States thus doubled its national territory in one fell swoop, because the then Louisiana still included large areas of the Midwest.
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