Krakow is a town in the Rostock district, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. The next bigger town is Güstrow (about 20 km away). The exact location of Krakow am See on the map of Germany as well as a city map, hotels and more information about Krakow am See can be found here. Districts of Krakow am See are Alt Sammit, Bellin, Bossow, Charlottenthal, Marienhof, Möllen, Neu Sammit and Steinbeck.
Krakow is located in the historical region of Lesser Poland (Małopolska, lat. Polonia Minor). This is not to be equated with today’s Lesser Poland Voivodeship, which is many times smaller, but refers to the territory located on the upper and middle Vistula, which at the end of the 10th century was annexed to that of Mieszko I (d. 992) ruled Greater Poland and was extended to the Union of Lublin (1569) by the territories of Red Prussia, Podlaskie, Volhynia and Podolia. As a result of the partitions of Poland-Lithuania, Lesser Poland fell to Austria; the northern part was granted to the Russian partitioning power in 1815.
Discover the beauty of the royal city of Krakow, delve into its history and browse through the offers of other institutions related to German culture in Krakow. Also in the wider area you can find a variety of cultural highlights, which you can call up through the tourism associations in Lesser Poland, Holy Cross and Pre-Carpathians. It goes without saying that this selection is by no means conclusive!
Krakow, the former capital of Poland on the Vistula, is located in the southern part of the country, the so-called Lesser Poland and has about 800,000 inhabitants.
Due to its position as the former residence of the Polish kings and as the burial place of important personalities in the cathedral on the Wawel, Krakow has a special national significance. For centuries it was the cultural, spiritual and scientific center of Poland.
Since the city remained virtually undestroyed during the Second World War, it was able to preserve the face of those glorious epochs when it was the capital of an empire that stretched from the Baltic to the Black Sea. The city was first mentioned in a document in 965 as an important trading point. In 1000 the Bishopric of Krakow was founded. In the middle of the 11th century. in 1038, Krakow became the capital of the country, two years later the Wawel became the official royal residence. The city experienced a rapid economic development when in 1257 it was granted the Magdeburg city charter Krakow St. Mary’s Church Krakow St. Mary’s Church
Since the middle of the 13th century. for three centuries, the German bourgeoisie played a very important and in some cases also decisive role in the history of the city, German temporarily became the sole official language. After initial difficulties, German-Polish relations in Krakow proved to be consistently peaceful and constructive. in 1364, King Casimir the Great founded the University of Krakow, the second oldest in Europe after Prague. The daughter of Kasimir, the Polish heir to the throne Jadwiga (eng. Hedwig) was married to the Lithuanian Grand Duke Jagiello, who, after accepting the Christian faith, was henceforth allowed to call himself King Wladyslaw II. He founded the Jagiellonian dynasty (1386 – 1572). In the 15th and 16th centuries. the city experienced a flourishing period in cultural and economic terms. A special event was offered to the Krakow population in 1525, when the last Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Albrecht von Hohenzollern, was enfeoffed by King Sigismund I the Old on the Krakow Market Square with the former Order of Prussia as a duchy. After the transfer of the residence by King Sigismund III to Warsaw (1611), Krakow quickly lost its political significance.
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