The Republic of Kiribati is an island state in the southwestern Pacific Ocean and includes the former Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands and the Line Islands. The national territory of Kiribati is a large number of islands of Micronesia and Polynesia, which are located north and south of the equator. The land mass of Kiribati, which is about 811 square kilometers, is spread over a total sea area of 3.5 million square kilometers. With this gigantic extent, it is no wonder that the 33 islands, most of which consist only of atolls, “get lost” in the sea. Bairiki, the capital of Kiribati, is located on Tarawa Atoll.
What country does Kiribati belong to?
Kiribati is divided into three island groups: the Gilbert, Phoenix and Line Islands. The last group of islands also includes Christmas Island, which with an area of 388 square kilometers is the largest coral island in the world.
The Gilbert Islands, with their 16 atolls, form the largest archipelago, followed by the Phoenix and Line Islands, each consisting of eight atolls. The predominantly shallow coral atolls enclose shallow lagoons and are covered by coconut palms and breadfruit trees. Only the island of Banaba, located about 400 kilometers west of the Gilbert Islands, is not only of purely volcanic origin, it is also the highest peak of Kiribati with its height of 81 meters. While the Line and Gilbert Islands are separated from the equator, the Phoenix Islands are completely south of it.
Due to the progressive global warming and the rising sea level, there is a danger that the islands, which are less than two meters above the water surface, will gradually be flooded. The growth of corals is much lower than the rise in the water level and it is assumed that the Pacific Ocean will increase by more than one meter in the next 100 years.
Is Kiribati an African country?
Is it safe to travel to Kiribati?
Where is Kiribati in the continent?