Where is Isfahan located now?
The city of Isfahan is the capital of the Isfahan province of the same name in Iran. The name Isfahan means, according to a Persian proverb – nesf-e jahan – Isfahan is half of the world. The city is located in the center of Iran and has about 1,600,554, including the surrounding 2,071,000 inhabitants. Tehran is located about 400 kilometers north of Isfahan.
Isfahan or Esfahan in Iran is the capital of the province of the same name of Iran and third of the largest cities of Iran. The city is located at 1,500 m above sea level in an oasis in a fertile valley of the Zayandehrud River framed by mountains.
Isfahan has a special geographical location. Because the city is located at an altitude of 1500 meters in a river oasis in the river valley of Zayandeh Rud on the edge of the Zagros Mountains. The Bakhtiyari Mountains encircle the city to the west and south. To the north and east is the Iranian Plateau, which forms the transition to the great desert.
History of Isfahan
Isfahan was built in the 4-5 century BC in the time of the Achaemenids. Isfahan has had many tasks in the past. At the time of the Parthians, Isfahan was the capital and at the time of the Sassanid army camps. In 400 BC, the number of Jewish residents increased significantly, since the gehmaline of King Yazdsgred I was Jewish. Around 1047, the Seljuks conquered Isfahan and helped this city to its heyday. A dark event of the city was the conquest by Timur-e Leng (Tamerlane) around 1379. At that time, about 70,000 to 200,000 inhabitants were slaughtered and their heads were piled up into minaret-high towers. This situation improved when Shah Abbas I came to power and declared Isfahan the capital. The population increased again, from 60,000 to 600,000. The infrastructure has also been significantly improved. From this time also comes the saying “Isfahan is half of the world”. Unfortunately, Isfahan was almost completely destroyed by the Afghans in 1722. Today Isfahan is gaining more prestige again. Especially in terms of tourism.
Historically, Isfahan became tangible in the time of the Parthians under the name Aspadana (Sepahan) as the capital of the province of Upper Persia. At the time of the Sasanids, Isfahan retains this function, but in addition it becomes a mint and garrison town. In 640 AD, the city was conquered by the Muslims. This marks the beginning of the Islamic history of Isfahan and an upswing that later made the city the seat of the important Persian ruling dynasties. In the period from the 7th to the 10th century. ad. during the reign of the Umayyads and Abbasids, Isfahan, which is located on the southern route of the Silk Road, becomes famous for its silk and cotton.
Iran is still a real insider tip for holidaymakers from all over the world. The legendary country in the Near East is attracting more and more adventurers and history-interested travelers under its spell. One of the most popular tourist destinations in Iran is Isfahan. The metropolis of 2 million inhabitants in the heart of the country has breathtaking landscapes to offer in addition to its numerous historical sights and is therefore considered one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Isfahan is idyllically located in a large river oasis in the river valley of Zayandeh Rud on the edge of the Zagros Mountains. The months of April and October are considered the optimal times for a trip to Isfahan. During these months, pleasant temperatures of about 25 degrees Celsius and a very low probability of precipitation are to be expected. The city of Isfahan has its own airport, Shahid Beheshti International Airport, which is regularly served by international airlines.
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