What country does Haiti belong to?
Haiti is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. Hispaniola, along with Cuba, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, belongs to the archipelago of the Greater Antilles. Hispaniola is divided into two countries: Haiti occupies about a third of the island in the west, and the Dominican Republic is twice as large in the east. In the north of the island is the Atlantic Ocean, in the south the Caribbean Sea.
The word Haiti comes from the language of the Taino, the indigenous people of Hispaniola. It translates as “mountainous country”. The shape of the land is reminiscent of an arch open to the left. The southern arc is then the Tiburon Peninsula, which protrudes far into the sea.
The territory of the state also includes several islands. The largest are the Île de la Tortue (“Turtle Island”) off the north coast and the Île de la Gonâve in the Gulf of Gonâve of the same name. This gulf is about one hundred kilometers wide and is semi-enclosed by the land.
Haiti is quite mountainous. But between the mountain ranges there are also wide plains, for example, on the northern coast. Once the country was covered by rainforest, but it was almost completely cut down. Due to overexploitation of the land, the once fertile soil was lost. The largest lake is the Etang Saumâtre. Its eastern side is on the border with the Dominican Republic. There are many rivers in Haiti. The longest river on the island and also in Haiti is the Artibonite, which flows through the center to the west. There is a fertile valley there.
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