Where in Turkey is the Hagia Sophia?
Hagia Sophia is located in the Fatih district of Istanbul. It is located in Sultanahmet. It is most convenient to get to Sultanahmet by tram. You can get off at the Sultanahmet stop by traveling by Bağcılar-Kabataş tram.
Hagia Sophia, located on Sultanahmet Square in the historical peninsula of Fatih district, is the largest Byzantine church built in Istanbul and was built three times in the same place.When it was first built, it was named Megale Ekklesia (Great Church ), V. since the XVIII century, it has been called Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom).I. The church was built in 360 by Emperor Constantios (337-361), the son of Emperor Constantinos (324-337). This church has a basilica plan and a wooden roof. The church was partially burned down and destroyed in the popular uprising against the Emperor Arcadios in 404. II.
The church was built by Emperor Alexander II. It was built by Theodosios (408-450) in 415 for the architect Ruffinos. This building is also a monumental building with a basilica plan, a wooden roof, 5 naves and 3 doors. II. Hagia Sophia was also burned and destroyed as a result of the rebellion against Emperor Justinian (527-565), which began in 532 and was called the Nika uprising in history.The present Hagia Sophia was built by Emperor Justinian for two important architects of the period, Isidoros of Miletus and Anthemios of Tralles. February December 23, 532, the construction of the building was started, it was completed in 5 years with 1000 craftsmen and 10,000 workers, and it was opened for worship on December 27, 537.In Hagia Sophia VI. the original ceiling mosaics made in the XIII century with floral and geometric motifs have survived to the present day, but the depicted mosaics were made after the end of the iconoclasm current.
Hagia Sophia was converted into a mosque by Fatih Sultan Mehmet with the conquest of Istanbul in 1453, the structure, which is stated to be in a dilapidated state in various historical documents, was not destroyed after the conquest of Istanbul, and has been preserved in the best way to this day with the strengthening and repairs made. In addition, October continued to exist as a sacred place and place of worship with additions and additions made with Ottoman architectural elements.
February November 24, 1934, Hagia Sophia was converted into a museum at the suggestion of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and the decision of the Council of Ministers, and it was opened to the public on February 1, 1935. The work that started after the permission given by President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lasted for 15 years and was completed in 1947.the dome and minarets of Hagia Sophia, which was placed on the World Monuments Watch list in 1996, were restored between Dec997 and 2002 with the support of the World Monuments Fund.The museum is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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