Guinea is located in West Africa. In the west it has access to the Atlantic coast. The shape of the land forms an arc or a crescent. Guinea shares borders with Guinea-Bissau, Senegal and Mali in the north. The south is bordered by Sierra Leone, Liberia and the Ivory Coast. During the colonial period, Guinea was called “French Guinea” and was thus distinguished from “Portuguese Guinea” (today’s Guinea-Bissau).
There are four geographical regions in Guinea: Lower Guinea is the name of the region in the west, on the coast. Here live mainly Susu (see people). The provinces of Boké and Kindia are part of Lower Guinea. Forest and savannah alternate here.
The middle of the country is called Central Guinea. Several rivers originate here. The Niger and the Bafing flow from here to Mali, the Gambia to Senegal. All three have their source in the mountain country Fouta Djallon. Especially Fulbe live here. They are sedentary.
The east of the country is also called Upper Guinea. Officially, it is the provinces of Faranah and Kankan, which belong to Upper Guinea. The landscape here is a savannah. The population is mainly Mandinka.
The southeast of the country is also mountainous. Because tropical rainforest grows here, the region is called Forest Guinea. It includes the province of Nzérékoré. Several peoples live here, such as the Kissi and the Kpelle.
Is Guinea a part of France?
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What is Guinea called today?
What country owns Guinea?