The Gaza Strip is a coastal area on the eastern Mediterranean Sea between Israel and Egypt with Gaza City as the center. The Gaza Strip has about 2 million inhabitants. The land in this area is ancient cultivated land similar to the area around Ashdod and Ashkelon. The important traffic artery Via Maris between Egypt and Damascus led through this area and the city of Gaza belonged to the Philistine people. Today, the Gaza Strip is part of the Palestinian Autonomous Territories and is formally administered internally by the Palestinian Authority or the State of Palestine.
The Palestinian territory of the Gaza Strip is a strip of land on the Mediterranean coast, mostly surrounded by Israel, in the south it borders on Egypt. The coastal area is 45 kilometers long and about ten kilometers wide, making it smaller than the state of Bremen.
Today, about 1.5 million Palestinians live in the Gaza Strip, more than half of them are refugees from other areas. Officially, about a third of the population is unemployed. According to aid agencies, most residents live on less than two dollars a day and up to 80 percent are dependent on food aid.Almost half of the inhabitants are under the age of 15. Hopelessness is especially prevalent among young people. With a population growth of almost 3.7 percent per year, the number of people in need is getting bigger and bigger.