France has a total area of 632,834 km2. The French mainland in Europe (France Métropolitaine), which is also called hexagons (hexagon) because of its shape, covers 543,965 square kilometers. A republic in Western Europe with a long Mediterranean and Atlantic coast, Germany’s western neighbor, 547 026 km2 , 66 million inhabitants, capital Paris, official language French.
- Capital: Paris
- Major cities: Bordeaux, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Nantes, Strasbourg, Montpellier, Toulouse, Rennes, Reims
- Language: French
- Form of government: Republic
- President of the Republic: Emmanuel Macron
- President of the Government: Prime Minister Édouard Philippe
- Flag: Three longitudinal stripes in blue, white, red
- National anthem: La Marseillaise, written by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
- Motto: Freedom, equality, fraternity
- National holiday: July 14, on this day the storming of the Bastille is celebrated, which is considered the beginning of the French Revolution.
- Area: 632,834 km2, of which 88,868 km2 are overseas territories
- Population: 67,190,000 inhabitants (Jan. 2019)
- Currency: Euro, Pacific franc (CFP franc, XPF) partly in the overseas territories; until 2002, the franc was the legal tender
- Vehicle registration number: F
- Country Code: FRA
- GDP: $2776 billion, $44,008/ inhabitant
With an area of 547,026 km2 (including Corsica, excluding overseas regions), the Republic of France (officially: République française; short: France) is the largest country in Western Europe. Both the north-south and east-west extension is approximately 1 000 km. The island of Corsica also belongs to the national territory. In the north, the country borders on the English Channel, in the northeast on Belgium and Luxembourg, in the east the Rhine, the Jura and the Alps form a natural border with the countries of Germany, Switzerland and Italy. In the south of France is the Mediterranean Sea , here the country borders on the Principality of Monaco. The mountain range of the Pyrenees forms the border with Andorra and Spain, in the west of the country lies the Atlantic Ocean.
After centuries of wars between France and Germany, the two countries have been close friends since the middle of the last century. It is said that they form the backbone of the European Union. Both countries have been involved in European unification from the very beginning. There is a democratically elected parliament in the Republic of France. The president elected by the people has a lot of power. France is therefore also referred to as “presidential democracy”.
France is the largest country in the European Union (EU) and is located in the west of Europe. With the English Channel, the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, the mountains of the Pyrenees and the Alps, the country has many natural borders. Neighboring countries are Spainand Andorra in the southwest, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg and Belgium in the east and north, as well as the small state of Monaco in the southeast. France also includes some overseas territories. Mont Blanc in the Alps is the highest mountain in Europe at 4807 meters.
Where is France exactly located?
The Republic of France is located in Western Europe and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the English Channel to the northwest, Belgium and Luxembourg to the northeast, and Germany, Switzerland and Italy to the east. In the south, the Mediterranean Sea and Spain form the border with France.
Mainland France includes the Mediterranean island of Corsica; the départements of Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Martinique, Réunion and Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon are among the overseas territories of France.
The third largest country in Europe by area and number of inhabitants is located in the west of the continent. Basin landscapes and low mountain ranges make the landscape extremely diverse. The central region is the fertile, highly industrialized Paris basin, in which the capital Paris is located. In the southeast and in the southwest, the Western Alps and the Pyrenees are high mountains on the national borders. France also includes the island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea. The majority of the population is French.
The highly specialized agriculture of the country with significant viticulture plays a leading role in Europe. However, industry and the traditionally strong service sector play an even greater role in the economy as a whole. France is also a classic tourist country. The well-developed transport network is oriented to Paris. The Eurotunnel has been a direct link with Great Britain since 1994. France is considered a pioneer of the European Union and belongs to the eurozone.
France is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the English Channel to the northwest. To the northeast are Belgium and Luxembourg, to the east Germany, Switzerland and Italy are the neighboring countries. In the south, France is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, Spainand Andorra (Figure 1).
France is divided administratively into 96 departments, which are located in 22 regions. The country also has numerous overseas territories. These are the remains of the French colonial empire, which until the middle of the 20th century included parts of Africa, Southeast Asia, Central America and Oceania. Some of these areas, such as Guadeloupe, Martinique, Réunion or French Guiana, are so-called overseas departments and have the same rights as the departments located directly in the mother country.
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