Edinburgh is the capital and at the same time the second largest city of Scotland, a part of Great Britain. In the Scottish dialect they are pronounced “Eddinborrou”. It has about half a million inhabitants. Edinburgh is located in the Scottish lowlands on the Firth of Forth. This is a part of the North Sea that extends into the mainland. Large bridges for cars and the railway run over it.
In ancient times, the area around Edinburgh was settled by Celts. Hinkel stones and other remains from this period were found. The city was founded a little later, in the ninth century, that is, more than 1000 years ago. From the 15th century to the early 18th century it was the capital of the Kingdom of Scotland. By the “Act of Union” in 1707, Scotland became part of the United Kingdom. Before that, the residence of the Scottish kings was Edinburgh Castle, which is located on a hill high above the Old Town. Since 1999, the Scottish Parliament has been based in Edinburgh again.
Today, Edinburgh is one of the most visited cities in the UK. In addition to the Edinburgh Castle, the sights also include the Gothic cathedral of St. Giles from the 12th century. Edinburgh is now one of the most important cities for the British economy. In addition to tourism, the banks are particularly important. But the port on the Firth of Forth also brings a lot of money. If you look at certain figures, such as the average income, Edinburgh is even the second richest city in the country after London.
Is Edinburgh in Scotland or UK?
Why is Edinburgh so special?
Is Edinburgh in London?
Where is Edinburgh England located?