The capital of Tajikistan is Dushanbe. Dushanbe has around 780,000 inhabitants (as of 2016). The town grew out of a village where a weekly market was held every Monday. Since the city was connected to the railway network in 1929, the city has experienced a significant industrial upswing.
In the southern part of the city, on Rudaki Avenue, you can find the 30-meter-high monument of Ismail I, the “Father of the Nation”. In addition to the National Archaeological Museum, this is definitely one of Dushanbe’s top attractions.
Archaeological investigations have shown that a settlement existed on the current urban area as early as the 5th century BC. The city was first mentioned in a document from 1676, in which “Kasabai Dushanbe” is mentioned. The name means “Monday” in Persian and refers to the city’s famous weekly market, which was always held on Mondays. Apart from that, the city remained relatively insignificant and had only about 10,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century.
in 1920, the emir of Bukhara, fleeing from the onslaught of the Bolsheviks from his capital, made Dushanbe his official residence. However, he had to flee from the Red Army to Afghanistan in 1921. Dushanbe was subsequently proclaimed the capital of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic and renamed Stalinabad. The city was given preference over larger places, as it was more centrally located and was already a meeting place for the Tajiks due to the Monday market.
In the following years, the city developed rapidly. Tens of thousands of ethnic Tajiks moved from Bukhara and Samarkand after these cities became part of the Uzbek SSR. The city became a center for cotton and silk production. In the 1930s, it was connected to the Trans-Caspian Railway.
In what country is Dushanbe?
Is Tajikistan part of Russia?
Is Dushanbe Russian?
What language is spoken in Tajikistan?