Where in Germany is Dortmund?
Dortmund is a city in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located in the east of the Ruhr area. This is a collection of cities in the west of Germany. About 580,000 people live in Dortmund. This makes it the largest city in the Ruhr area.
Dortmund is an old city. Already in the Middle Ages it was an important trading center. Around 1200 the city wall was built in Dortmund. The shape of the city wall is still recognizable today by the wall ring. At this time, the city hall of the city was also built. It was the oldest town hall in Germany until the Second World War. In the 19th century, coal began to be mined in Dortmund and iron was processed into steel in factories. in 1844 the first railway line was built in Dortmund. Due to mining, the city grew very quickly. Today, most of the mines are closed, one of them is a museum.
However, there is still a lot of industry around coal and metal. In addition, a lot of beer was and is brewed in the city. A well-known brewery at that time was the Union Brewery. She has placed a large U on the roof of a high-rise building, which is nine meters high. It is called “Dortmunder U” and is a landmark for the whole city. Another landmark for the city is the Reinoldikirche. It has existed since the 10th century. In addition, many insurance companies have their headquarters in Dortmund today.
Dortmund is also known for the football club Borussia Dortmund. “Borussia” stands for Prussia, to which Dortmund once belonged. The club has a lot of supporters, which is why its venue, the Westfalenstadion, is the largest football stadium in Germany with 80,000 seats. Today it is named after the Dortmund insurance company Signal Iduna.
Dortmund With about 590,000 inhabitants, Dortmund is one of the eight largest cities in Germany and is about the same in terms of its population as Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Essen. The over 1100-year-old city is considered the “heart of Westphalia”.
As an important transport hub, Dortmund is located on the northeastern edge of the Ruhr area and borders the Sauerland to the southeast and the Münsterland to the north. Geographically, Dortmund has the following coordinates: 51° 30′ 58″ north latitude and 7° 28′ 05″ east longitude.
The height of Dortmund above sea level is between 50 and 254 meters. South of the city limits, the Lenne flows into the Ruhr, which in turn flows into the Rhine about 70 km to the west. The old Hanseatic city is connected to the North Sea via the Dortmund-Ems Canal, the end point of which is the port of Dortmund, which is over 100 years old.
Dortmund is located in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, has 27 assigned postcodes and is located as the crow flies 38 km far from Essen. It is 64 km by air to Düsseldorf.
As an independent city, Dortmund covers an area of 280.71 km2 (square kilometers). The district responsible is Dortmund, city. Regierungsbezirk: Reg.-Regarding. Arnsberg.
It is about 485 kilometers as the crow flies from Dortmund to the federal capital Berlin.
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