Denmark is located in the north of Europe. It has only one land border, namely with Germany. The country is surrounded by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Both are connected by the Kattegat (between Denmark and Sweden). Denmark consists of more than 1400 islands. But many of them are very small and uninhabited. Only 443 of the islands have names. The large islands are most often connected to the mainland or to the nearest island by bridges.
Denmark also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland, but both are administered independently. The Faroe Islands are located in the North Sea, north of the core area of Denmark. Greenland is the largest island on Earth and part of North America. Together with these territories, Denmark is the largest country in Europe – but without the Faroe Islands and Greenland, it is one of the smaller ones!
The Danish mainland includes only the Jutland Peninsula. The largest island in Denmark is Zealand. The capital Copenhagen is also located there. A quarter of the Danish population lives in Copenhagen and the surrounding area. The second largest island is North Jutland, followed by Funen and Lolland.
Between the islands are Belte and Sunde: these are narrow sea lanes, with Belte being rather wider than Sunde. Three of them connect the Baltic Sea with the Kattegat in the north: the Little Belt, the Big Belt and the Öresund. You can find a map of this at the bottom of the slideshow.
Due to the many islands, Denmark has a very, very long coastline of a total of 7314 kilometers! The country is flat and has no large mountains. However, in some regions it is hilly. The largest city is Copenhagen with about 560,000 inhabitants, followed by Aarhus and Odense.
Is Denmark in Sweden?
Which country owns Denmark?
Is Denmark in Germany?
Is Denmark in Norway?