Chad or “der Tschad” – both are possible in German – is located in Central Africa. The country has no access to the sea and is therefore a landlocked country. There are land borders with six states: Libya, Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria and Niger. Chad is the fifth largest country in Africa by area. It is named after Lake Chad. Chad itself means lake.
Most of the country is occupied by the Chad Basin. This is a lowland around Lake Chad. In the north and northeast of the country there are mountains. In the north lies the Tibesti Mountains with the highest mountain in the country, the Emi Koussi, which brings it to 3415 meters of altitude. In the northeast, the mountains are lower. Here are the Ennedi Massif and the Wadai Massif.
Three landscapes in Chad
One can distinguish three landscapes in Chad. The north is in the Sahara Desert. There is desert here and it is very dry. To the south is the Sahel. Here, too, it is dry, but a little more rain falls than in the desert. The landscape here is a dry savannah. But gallery forests also grow on the rivers.
Finally, the south is formed by the Sudan landscape with its wet savannah, where you can practice agriculture, because it rains enough here. In addition to grasses, trees and even forests grow here. In contrast to the rainforests further south, they shed their leaves in the dry season.
What country is Chad?
Is Chad a poor or rich country?
Is Chad an Arab country?