Cape Verde is an island country. So only islands belong to the state, not a solid country. In total, there are ten larger islands that are part of Cape Verde (there are also some very small and uninhabited islands).
They are also called the Cape Verde Islands or abbreviated Cape Verde. But if you talk about the state, they say in the German Cape Verde. The Portuguese name is Cabo Verde.
To the African continent, the distance from the nearest point of the islands is 455 kilometers. By the way, the name Cape Verde also comes from the mainland. There, in today’s Senegal, there is a headland (a cape) with the same name. It forms the westernmost point of Africa. The navigator Dinis Dias called it that way in 1445, because it was so green – verde means green.
Of the ten islands, six line up in the north and four in the south. The northern islands are also called “islands above the wind”, which in Portuguese means Ilhas de Barlavento. The southern islands are the “islands under the wind” or Ilhas de Sotavento.
The islands above the wind are called Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia (uninhabited), São Nicolau, Sal and Boa Vista. The islands under the wind are Brava, Fogo, Santiago and Maio. Santiago is the largest of the islands. The capital Praia is also located there. Of the islands above the wind, São Vicente has the most inhabitants, namely 83,000. Of the area, Santo Antão is the largest, but has only 47,000 inhabitants.
Which country does Cape Verde belong to?
Is Cape Verde a poor country?
Is Cape Verde Caribbean?
Is Cape Verde part of Spain?