Bursa, the fourth largest city in Turkey, is located in the west of the country on the Sea of Marmara. The Uluda starts right behind the city?-Mountains with peaks up to 2500 meters high. The green landscape and the proximity to the banks of the Nile make Bursa a fertile plain. The city is also known for its hot sulfur springs, which are said to have healing effects. Bursa is located in the Mediterranean climate zone with hot summers and mild, but rainy, winters.
In ancient times, in 188 BC, the city was founded by King Prusias I. From 1326 to 1368 Bursa was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Until the 17th century, Bursa was one of the most important production centers for clothing and other silk products. With the establishment of the Republic of Turkey, the city grew into an important industrial center. Bursa has always been a center of attraction for refugees from Anatolia and the Balkans. The last big wave of immigrants was in 1990, when about 150,000 Bulgarian Turkish refugees left their native Bulgaria and settled here.
Bursa (about 1.5 million inhabitants) is the fourth largest city in Turkey and is beautifully located at the foot of the Uludag Mountain, which is over 2,500 m high, and on the Nilüfer River. It can be reached after about 150 km in a southerly direction from Istanbul.
It is known for its thermal and sulphur springs. These were already appreciated in antiquity. Bursa was the first capital of the Ottomans, before later becoming Istanbul’s capital. Today the capital of Turkey is called Ankara.