Which part of Italy is Brescia?
Municipality of Lombardy (90.34 km2 with 196,340 ab. in 2020), provincial capital. It is located at 149 m a. s.l. in the foothill plain to the left of the river Mella, at the mouth of the Val Trompia. The old centre first extended above all outside the western walls, up to the railway station. In recent decades the intense industrial and commercial activity has favored the expansion of the town also towards N and towards E. Manufacturing activities are particularly intense in the metalworking, food (beer), chemical, textile and clothing sectors. B., favored by an excellent road and rail network, is a very active shopping center and has a wide range of services, even advanced.
Became during the 4th century. bc the center of the Cenomani Gauls, when they submitted to the Romans in 225 BC, was the most important point of support for the expansion into Transpadan Gaul. Diocese since the 4th century., was the seat of a Lombard duchy (6 sec -8 sec), then of a frankish county. During the Carolingian age the bishops of B. (became counts in 10 sec) acquired prerogatives and powers. Starting with the 11th century., through civil and religious struggles (Arn Arnaldo da Brescia) free municipal institutions were established, which B. he defended against the imperial troops by participating in the two Lombard Leagues. During the 13th century. it was submitted to the lordships of Ezzelino III da Romano, Oberto Pallavicino and Della Torre di Milano. Entering the Angevin orbit (1269), it supported the siege of Henry VII (1311) to then suffer the lordship of the Scaligeri, Pandolfo III Malatesta and the Visconti. Annexed by Venice in 1428, in March-November 1797 it became an independent Republic, then entered the Cisalpine Republic and the Kingdom of Italy (1805). In 1815 it was integrated into the Lombard-Venetian Kingdom. Protagonist of the struggles against Austria, in 1849 he resisted for Ten days (23 March-1 April)the forces of General Han After the Unification of Italy there was a strong Catholic movement, while after the First World War the rapid process of industrialization created the conditions for the birth of an active labor movement of socialist orientation.
In the square Hole, centre of the roman town (Brixia), there are leftovers of the Capitolium (72 d.C., with 3 cells, and the pronaos unique, home of the Museum of the roman age, and houses, among other things, a Win bronze), the roman theatre, the curia and the porch, are brought to light in the excavations in the 1950-60.
The characteristic system of the three squares-which, together with the Piazza del Foro characterizes the urban layout of B.-includes: Piazza del Duomo, the nucleus of the medieval town (Duomo Vecchio, sec. 11 br 13); Piazza della Loggia, center of the Renaissance city (Palazzo comunale, 1492; Monte di Pieta, 1484 and 1597); Piazza della Vittoria, result of the fascist gutting (1926-32, M. Piacentini). To the Venetian age also belong S. Maria dei Miracoli(15 sec); the New Cathedral (17 sec -19 sec); St. Nazar and Celsus (18th century.; Averoldi polyptych by Titian, 1522). Important is the rich and articulated museum complex housed in the monastery of S. Giulia (8 sec -16 sec), which includes the early medieval basilica of S. Salvatore (8 sec, stuccoes, frescoes).
What does Brescia mean in Italian?
Is Brescia near Milan?
Is Brescia worth visiting?