Bologna, the oldest university city in Italy and the centre of the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, is located at the picturesque foot of the Apennines. Framed by the Savena and Reno rivers, Bologna is located right in the center of the Italian boot. The city does not offer access to the sea, but it delights with art, culture, culinary delights and noble cars. Honoured as the European Capital of Culture in 2000, Bologna boasts one of the best preserved old towns in Europe. Founded by the Etruscans in the 6th century BC, Bologna was founded in 191 BC. conquered by the Romans and quickly developed into a typical Roman city with a checkerboard-like floor plan. However, it only acquired its current character in the Middle Ages, when around 100 family towers and almost 40 km of arcades determined the cityscape.
Capital of the Emilia-Romagna region and the province of Bologna
Geographical location: at the foot of the Apennines, between the rivers Reno and Savena
Height above sea level: 54 m
Percentage of foreigners: 14.6%
University of Bologna: about 90,000 students
local holiday: October 4 (Feast of the city patron saint San Petronio)
License plate: BO
german twin city: Leipzig
Already a celebrity many centuries ago, Bologna is today the capital of Emilia-Romagna, just a few kilometers east of Modena and west of Ravenna, located directly on the A1.
The history of the city:
It was only under the Romans that the present-day city arose as a small, rather insignificant settlement, which in the course of the empire grew into a colony and a municipium during the Empire. After the fall of the empire, the city had to endure several new lords before it became an independent city republic in the Middle Ages and reached the peak of its power in 1249. In addition, the first university in the world was founded in Bologna in 1088, which has earned it the name “The Scholar” ever since. In the late Middle Ages, the rulers of the city changed quite often and eventually the original republic became part of the papal state, which was to last until the unification of Italy. During the Second World War, it was partially damaged and fell into Polish hands at the end of it, before it was handed over to the Italian government again and has since become one of the most prosperous and successful cities in terms of urban development.
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