Switzerland is located in Central Europe. It borders Germany to the north and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. To the south is Italy, and to the west is France. Switzerland does not have an official capital, but only a seat of government in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country. Switzerland is roughly the size of the Netherlands. With its 41,284 square kilometres, Switzerland is one of the smaller countries in the world.
A large part of Switzerland consists of mountains and forests. Although most people know the Matterhorn, it is not the highest mountain in Switzerland. The highest altitude is reached by the Dufourspitze in the Monte Rosa massif with 4634 meters.
The longest river is the Rhine, which also flows through Germany. Other major rivers are the Rhône, the Aare, the Inn and the Ticino. The Rhine and Rhône both originate in the Gotthard Massif.
There are many large lakes in Switzerland, such as Lake Constance, Lake Geneva, Lake Zurich, Lake Lucerne and Lake Thun. In addition, there are many other smaller lakes. There are a total of 1500 lakes in Switzerland. By the way, the largest lake in Switzerland is Lake Geneva with 580.00 square kilometers, Lake Constance is a little smaller.
The lowest point in Switzerland is Lake Maggiore. Most of Switzerland is located 1000 meters above sea level.
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