Which country is Baghdad located in?
Baghdad is the capital of Iraq. It is located on the Tigris River and has about five million inhabitants. The city was founded in the 8th century and for a long time was the capital of the caliphate, where the successors of Muhammad ruled. At that time, Baghdad was one of the largest and richest cities in the world. Many fairy tales from 1001 nights are set in Baghdad.
In the 16th century, Persians and Ottomans conquered the city several times and almost completely destroyed it. Since the 17th century, Baghdad was part of the Ottoman Empire. It was no longer a capital, but still an important trading center on the Silk Road between Europe and Asia. From 1900, the first railway in the region was built here. In the First World War, the British captured Baghdad. A few years later, in 1921, the British made it the capital of the new Kingdom of Iraq.
A foothill of the Taurus Mountains, with a mountain range that is about 300 meters high, is located in the northeast of Iraq. The Gundah Zhur is, with a height of 3,607 meters, the highest mountain of Iraq.
The borders run over 1458 kilometers on Iran. There are 814 kilometers of border with Saudi Arabia. The border with Syria is 605 kilometers long. There are 352 kilometers of border with Turkey, 240 kilometers of border with Kuwait and 181 kilometers of border with Jordan. On the Persian Gulf, Iran has a coastal strip of 58 kilometers in length.
Is Baghdad in Asia or Africa?
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Why Baghdad is famous?