Augsburg is a city in the German state of Bavaria. More precisely, it is located in the Swabia region, in the west of Bavaria. With about 280,000 inhabitants, Augsburg is the third largest city in Bavaria after Munich and Nuremberg. It is also one of the 30 largest cities in Germany.
Augsburg has its origins in the Roman Empire. Around 15 BC, soldiers of the Roman emperor Augustus set up a legion camp there. In the first century AD, the city of Augusta Vindelicorum arose from it. It grew rapidly and soon became the second largest Roman city north of the Alps. Only Augusta Treverorum, which is now called Trier and is located in Rhineland-Palatinate, was bigger. Augsburg is also one of the oldest cities in Germany.
Two sights in the Old Town of Augsburg: the Perlach Tower on the left, the town hall on the right. The 70-meter-high Perlachturm was a watchtower. The 57-meter-high town hall was the tallest building in Germany until 1917.
In the Middle Ages, Augsburg was the seat of a bishop and a free imperial city in the Holy Roman Empire. In the early modern period, Augsburg grew into an economically important city. This was mainly due to the Fugger merchant family. Augsburg is still called “Fuggerstadt” to this day. In 1529, the famous Reichstag was held in Augsburg, in which Martin Luther had to justify his lawsuits against the Catholic Church before the emperor. He confessed to his teaching.
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