Aarhus is a port city on the Danish peninsula of Jutland. Its name comes from Old Danish and can be roughly translated as “estuary”. In Low German, the town is also called Arenhusen. It has about 270,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in Denmark after Copenhagen. About 350,000 people live in the municipality of Aarhus, which also includes a few suburbs. In 2017, Aarhus was the European Capital of Culture.
Aarhus is one of the oldest cities in Denmark. According to excavations, it was founded by the Vikings sometime in the 8th century. They built a small settlement there for catching fish and erected a defensive rampart. In the Middle Ages, the city grew. It became a bishop’s seat and an important place for trade in central Jutland. Aarhus has had city rights since the 15th century.
The cityscape is a mixture of modern and old buildings. The landmark of Aarhus is the cathedral from the 12th century. In a lightning strike in 1642, its church tower was severely damaged and repaired only 400 years later. In the open-air museum “Den Gamle By” you can see what Aarhus looked like in the Middle Ages. A little outside the city is Marselisborg Castle, where the Queen of Denmark lives in the summer.
Examples of modern buildings are the Music House and the ARoS Art Museum. Mainly paintings by Danish painters are exhibited there. On the roof of the museum there is a panoramic path with colorful stained-glass windows. There you can see the city from all angles – in all colors of the rainbow.
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