Aachen is a city in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has almost 250,000 inhabitants. This makes it one of the 30 largest cities in Germany. Aachen is located in the very west of Germany.
People probably settled in the area around Aachen already in the Stone Age. There are several warm springs here. Already the Romans founded the town of Aquae Granni here and created a spa. To this day, Aachen is a health resort. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the kings of the Franks resided here. Charlemagne spent a lot of time in Aachen and had a throne in Aachen Cathedral.
In the Middle Ages, Aachen and its cathedral were an important religious and cultural center. His spas attracted many people. After the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Aachen belonged to Prussia. After the First World War, the city was occupied by Belgian soldiers for a few years.
Today, Aachen is located at the three-country corner of Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. The town of Vaals in the Netherlands is located directly on the border of Aachen, as is the Belgian town of Kelmis. There is a technical university in Aachen. It is one of the largest in Europe. The Aachen Cathedral is Aachen’s landmark and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Bishop of Aachen has his seat here. The people of Aachen call their city “Oche” and themselves “Öcher”.
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